You bend and unbend your knee dozens of time every day, but you may not realize that it’s one of the body’s most complicated and frequently injured joints. Because of your knee’s complexity, it can be injured in many ways. Knee pain is the sign of many orthopedic problems, so see an NYC knee doctor right away if you’re experiencing discomfort.
- Bones: The knee is made up of three major bones: the thigh and calf bones it connects and the patella, or kneecap. The kneecap is a unique bone that moves with the joint whenever you bend your knee. An NYC orthopedic surgeon must immediately treat knee bone injuries and pain if they occur.
- Muscles: There are two major muscles that run across your knee: the quadriceps and the hamstrings. These muscles work together to move your knee and can cause pain if pulled, strained, or torn.
- Ligaments: Ligaments are stretchy pieces of fibrous tissue that hold the bones of a joint together. The knee contains two cruciate and two collateral ligaments. They stabilize the knee’s movements, and when they’re torn, stretched, or otherwise injured, the knee becomes wobbly. The anterior and posterior ligaments, or ACL and PCL, are the most frequently injured parts of the joint. ACL tears are very common sports medicine injuries and can alter your lifestyle forever without careful, expert treatment.
- Cartilage: Cartilage called the meniscus lines the knee joint, making movement smoother and easier. Irritating or tearing the meniscal cartilage through injury or arthritis can also cause long-term issues and must be treated by a NYC knee doctor for full healing.
If you’re active and enjoy physical activity, it’s important to understand the basics of your body’s most hardworking joints: your knees. Knee injuries should be treated by a sports medicine doctor with extensive experience. Drew Stein, MD is a knee specialist who offers New York residents the top treatment available in sports medicine. Learn more about treating your knee injury at (212) 398-2300.